Monday, September 24, 2007

LESSON 4: Hive Components: Lesson Four: Inner & Outer Covers

WARNING: There is a push to make beekeeping appear practically hands free. New beekeepers are failing to implement best management practices. I want to be your mentor. I am currently accepting positions to mentor a limited number of beekeepers. You'll have access to my personal cell phone and private email. And you can send me videos or pictures of your hive when it just doesn't seem right or you don't know what's going on. You'll also receive 4 new instructional videos from me and a weekly tip of what you should be doing. Click here to see if spots are still available.

Thank you for joining me for these free online beekeeping lessons. Tell your friends! They can easily scroll down and start with the very first one.
Today, we continue becoming familiar with the actual beehive box. It is important to know and to understand how the wooden ware fits together. In previous lessons, we started at the bottom and worked our way up the hive. Now we are ready to take a look at the two most top pieces, the inner cover and the top cover.

It might seem unusual to have two covers on a hive, the inner cover and the top cover. This is the common configuration, to place an inner cover on the top super, then place the top cover on top of the inner cover. Why? Good question. Here's the inner cover.

Before I answer that question, let me say it is not essential, at least not in my opinion to use an inner cover. I believe it is good, and can certainly aid the bees at times, to use an inner cover, but it is not always necessary. It is suggested that an inner cover, with an oval shaped hole in the middle, provides a dead air space between the top of the hive and the outside world. Many claim this insulates the hive from the heat or cold. Others claim that the inner cover is to keep the top cover from sticking to the frames.
We make notches in the inner cover rim, allowing the bees to have a top entrance or exit if they so choose and to increase ventilation.

Inner covers with notches make it difficult to seal the top of the hive in the event it becomes necessary, like when you want to seal your hive to move them, or keep them in when farmers spray chemicals or when other hives may try to rob the hive.

So, to add ventilation, I simply find a small stick, and put it under the top cover, which provides a slight opening, a slight air vent at the top. I use this on hot days, and during strong nectar flows to help the bees dry the moisture from the nectar speeding up the time it takes the bees to cap the honey.
Our inner covers also come with the oval shaped hole in the center. About half of our hives in our bee yards have inner covers. Some of our hives just have what is called migratory lids, just a flat wooden lid that covers the top of the hive.

We recommend the use of the inner cover because it does become useful throughout the year. If nothing more, it does make the top cover easier to remove.

The inner cover has a rim of wood, a wood strip on one side only. Customers often wonder which way this goes on the hive, with the rim down or up? Typically, the rim of wood faces up. In other words, the top cover goes down and lands on the rim of the inner cover. This provides the 1/4" spacing if the bees want to hang out between the inner cover and top cover, and a few do hang out there.
There are times when it is necessary to reverse the inner cover position, and place the rim down. I do this when I place pollen patties on the top bars of the frame. The extra spacing the rim provides is just right to accommodate the thickness of my patties and to place my top cover back on.
Throughout our years of keeping bees, we have been disappointed with inner covers that are made out of several pieces of wood. These seem to always fall apart. We build our inner covers from one piece of wood.

What's the oval shaped hole in the inner cover for? Good question. Obviously the bees can go in and out, but there is a reason it is oval shaped. We cut our holes perfectly to accommodate a bee escape. This is a small, usually plastic device, that many beekeepers use to get the bees out of the honey supers just prior to removing the supers full of honey. Here's how it works.

First, when you see that your honey super is sealed or capped with wax, you know it is ready to be harvested. But, there are still bees crawling over it. So, simply take the inner cover off, insert the bee escape in the oval shaped hole, and place the inner cover (rim up) under the super you wish to remove. The bee escape is designed so that the bees can walk out of the escape, but cannot get back in. Over the course of 3-5 days, most of the bees will be gone out of the super. Pretty cool huh! It will not work if a drone gets stuck or if there is brood in the super.

Migratory lids are often used by pollinators because it allows hives to be easily stacked. I do use migratory lids on many of my hives simply because I find them easy to work. No inner cover, just one flat piece of wood covering the top. My bees seem to do just as good with a migratory lid as without one. However, I don't like to winter my hives this way. I live in central Illinois and the winters are hard. Migratory lids don't keep out the elements the way an inner cover and top cover do. Notice two of my hives side by side. The white one on the left has an inner cover and a telescoping top cover. The green hive on the right simply has no inner cover, but a migratory lid that I added a piece of metal to.

Finally, the top cover. It is often called a telescoping top cover because it hangs over the hive body. Most telescoping top covers hang over between 1-2 inches. ALWAYS PLACE SOMETHING ON TOP OF THE HIVE TO KEEP THE LID DOWN. I've lost several hives because of strong winds and I did not have a brick or rock on the top and the lid blew off and the storm drenched the hive.

Tops do not have to have metal, but it does protect the wood from the weather. It is very important to allow for some ventilation at the top of the hive in the winter. Without some top ventilation, condensation can develop on the inside of the top of the hive, and drip cold water down onto the winter cluster of bees. This can cause the bees to die, not from the cold, but from being cold and wet. A little ventilation at the top can help the condensation to evaporate.

Tomorrow, we'll start taking a look at the honey bee. Can't wait!! Tell your friends!


Bee Magic Chronicles for Kids said...

You definitely have a teaching gift and you explain things very well. You answer my questions just when they're forming in my mind. I love your site!

oxonukbees said...


I am from the uk and have decided to start bee keeping,

I would like to say your lesson are fantastic, they have given me the knowledge i need to start bee keeping.

A BIG Thankyou to you both.

I hope one day i can do something to repay you for your kindness.

Andrew Roberts

Bryan A. said...

You mention
"It is very important to allow for some ventilation at the top of the hive in the winter."

How can this ventilation be provided without too much cold getting in?

Unknown said...

Plate Oil Filter
:) This is very useful article, hope I can learn more from you.

Unknown said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
Unknown said...

I'm picking up my bees tomorrow and had some questions about inner covers and migratory top covers. You answered my questions and gave me information I didn't know I needed until you taught me. Thanks so much!

Assignment Help said...

Many thanks for sharing this very diverse opinion post where each expert has no doubt shared his best knowledge on the topic. Have more success in your journey.
Assignment Help Sydney

Unknown said...

IT IS A NICE POST. Assignment Help

David Mark said...

Welcome to Oz Paper Help. How may I help you?

If you have any assignment requirement then you are at the right place.
We will provide you supreme quality papers at cheapest price. Our prime features are-

Are you stuck up with your Financial Accounting, Audit, Managerial Accounting, Finance, Economics, Marketing, Statistics, Law, Taxation, Human Resource Management, Operations Management, Strategic Management, Business Management & Studies, Sociology, Literature, Tourism, Hospitality, Nursing, Healthcare, Phycology, Microbiology, Geology, Zoology, Biotechnology, Geography, Botany, History, Childcare, Cookery, Cloud Computing, Information Systems / Technology, and Networking Assignments?

You are in the right place. We are here to help you. We help students in assignments of all business subjects. We have more than 7 years of post-qualification experience in helping the students in solving their academic assignments.

Extra Feature
On time delivery
100% Plagiarism Free Content
Best Price in Industry
Services for all subjects
100% Money Back Guarantee
Unlimited Revisions
Top Quality Work
Attractive Discounts.

You can reach us at-

Call US- +61-451-442-632.+917503070001
Whatsapp :+61-451-442-632.+917503070001,+61-422447123,+44-7551749054

Oz Paper Help

the best assignment help said...

The Best Assignment help is one of the best website for assignment help. For more details you may contact us at or call at +447418324884,

the best assignment help















Cost Benefit


Hire a Tutor

Law Assignment

Essay writing

the best assignment help said...

The Best assignment help is one of the best website for assignment help. For more details you may contact us at or call at:+447418324884
the best assignment help
Holmes Assignment
Holmes College

the best assignment help said...

It is a nice post

the best assignment help

assignment help

Online Custom Essay Help

Essay Writing

Make My Assignment

Dissertation Help

Coursework Help

asa 315

bortons framework

woolworths marketing

PPMP 20011

ITC 542

ACTY 5320

the best assignment help said...

Pretty! This was a really wonderful post. Thank you for providing these details

the best assignment help

assignment help





s180 corporations act

rio tinto values


the best assignment help said...

Get best assignment help australia for students

the best assignment help said...

Get best assignment help canada for students
Get best assignment help australia for students
Get best assignment help uk for students

the best assignment help said...

Get best accounting assignment help for students

the best assignment help said...

Get best accounting assignment help for students

the best assignment help said...

Get best finance assignment help australia for students

the best assignment help said...

Get best marketing assignment help australia for students

My Online Assignment Help said...

assignment help online
custom assignment help
essay writing help
custom coursework help
dissertation writing help
hnd assignment help
assignment help
my online assignment help
assignment writing service in uk

the best assignment help said...

Get best statistics assignment help australia for students

the best assignment help said...

Get best economics assignment help australia for students

the best assignment help said...

assignment help
the best assignment help
assignment help sydney
australian assignment help
university assignment help
toronto university assignment help
toronto university assignment help

Unknown said...

Great teaching materials, Dave! What do you think of flexible inner covers; you just peel them off a bit to smoke the bees. The seem to be made of a shiny plastic pad with a filling. Where can one buy these? Alternatively, one can use sacking material: any comments? Thanks. Roger

the best assignment help said...

Holmes Assignment Help
Holmes College Assignment Help
Holmes Blackboard
Swinburne blackboard
SCU Blackboard
Holmes Blackboard
holmes institute blackboard
CSU Assignment Help
Charles Darwin University Melbourne
USQ university
CQU Assignment Help
Deakin University
La Trobe University

Bernard Ryan said...

PLUG HACKERS as we call ourselves, are the guys to come to when you need Hacking Services. We are a Secret group of HACKERS registered to the HACKERONE platform that help in Unauthorized Hacking such as-:
▪️Phone 📲 & Computer 💻 Hacks
▪️Email📧 & Social Media Account Hacks
▪️Tracking/Finding people🔍 and much more.
We also help generate Bitcoin💰 at a faster process with our Newly developed techs that helps speed of Bitcoin Mining process.

We have come across so many Spam Ads in comments and have ripped so many individuals of their money and resources, this caused us to make up this group to provide a Legit Hacking Service to individuals and also to make extra cash for ourselves.

Contacting us is simple, you can send us a message to the Email provided below
You can drop a voice note message to the secure line below and we will get back to you
+1 (808) 600 0773

Emily Moore said...

Struggling with editing your dissertation paper? Get all the best tips here for dissertation editing services like a pro. Improve your editing skills by following every tip mentioned.

Anonymous said...

Thank you for your outstanding article. You will always find clients coming back to us which is a result of our excellent services. Our goal is to offer unique and specialized services to our clients and in return create a long-lasting working relationship. The best thing about working with us being that, we provide samples for any client who would want to see some before ordering from us. Learn more from Nursing Care Plan.

onlineAssignmenthelp said...

Assignment Help in UAE
The tutors have a large team of online UAE the tutors. You can order your assignment or homework of any subject with the requirements. Our Assignment Help in UAE completes your assignment to help UAE according to your requirements. Whatever the field you are Assignment Help Dubai, Assignment Help Kuwait, Assignment Help Saudi Arabia, Assignment help in Oman

onlineAssignmenthelp said...

Assignment Help in Sydney
Assignment help Sydney- Guiding you towards success with our expert writers
Assignment help 50%off your first order. meet a professional team of experienced academic writers, ready to help you PLACE AN ORDERTO GET 30% DISCOUNT
CDR Report Help Home pages-

onlineAssignmenthelp said...

Assignment Help in Canada
Assignment help in canda my sites in all city Assignment Help in Toronto Assignment Help in Ottawa, Assignment Help in Victoria, Assignment Help in Hamilton Home pages sites-

Veronica Kate said...

The blog written is extremely impressive, with a great topic. However, a bit more research could have strengthened it even further. You can explore the services as offered by, a premium academic writing services platform offering the best of Resume Builder Tool teamed with knowledge and experience.

seorankagency1 said...

Grow your Local online business with Indias Top local SEO agency. We provide local seo services at best-cost. Our local seo services india helps you to increase your page rankings, thus increasing your online visibility and traffic.Our SEO specialists help you to Get More web traffic, leads, and sales from local consumers?Call at 8287878854.

Arif said...

Exactly what i was looking for. PowerPoint presentation online is a service which has gained popularity both among students and professionals. Making a PowerPoint is a skill which needs to be learned by every student. Universities are more into looking at presentation for an assessment rather than the report due to its precise content. It helps in understanding the basic principles and arguments present in an elaborated task. Read more about PowerPoint Assignment Help

My Assignment Help said...

Those were some really insightful pointers! Good work with the content. If you are struggling to develop your academic assignments precisely you can hire the assignment help experts of the IdealAssignmentHelp platform and receive unparalleled professional assistance with the complicated scholarly writing tasks at extremely affordable rates.

Nick Hebrew said...

Such a wonderful information blog post on this topic provides assignment service at affordable cost in a wide range of subject areas for all grade levels, we are already trusted by thousands of students who struggle to write their academic papers and also by those students who simply want make my assignment to save their time and make life easy.

Euni said...

I have bookmarked your site for more articles like this and tell you what? Do you need a Water Softener ? Did you know that your water is “hard” if it contains at least 60mg of dissolved calcium and magnesium? In some areas, this number can go as high as 180mg. Defeating the hardness of water is not such a tough challenge but the rewards of it are great. Get

Okseoabhinav said...

Thank you dear, for making such as important information. I hope you will update this information to add more value if needed, thank you again and take care.Consultant for Business Setup in India, GST Registration Services in Delhi

assignmentauthors said...

Continued advertisements cannot be ignored in the promotion of the commodity assignment help

Online Assignment Help said...

Being a tutorial writer from past 5 years providing dissertation writing services to school and university students also related to platform. There are many Assignment Help UAE best service provide out there in the market but are those service providers UAE and USA based companies. How many times did not complete your assignment before the submission deadline? does one always struggle to impress your teacher with a tremendous write-up?.

Online Assignment Help said...

Sumy Mira is a teacher by profession and a writer by choice. She is associated with through which she extends assignment help to Coursework Writing Service in the USA students. To get high-quality customized coursework, believe our essay writing service affordable pricing, plagiarism-free papers, 24/7 support team and far more.

Daniel hobart said...

HIRE essay typer TO WRITE AN EXCELLENT ESSAY FOR YOU? How good it will be if someone will complete your challenging Economics essay on Market Structures?

Robbie Simons said...

Biology Assignment

Hasitha Lee said...

This is nice.
CDR Engineers Australia

Devin Smith said...

This post is exceptionally written. I can imagine how much hard work you have put into this so, congratulations. If you are looking for an exceptionally developed Essay Help, you should certainly get in touch with the experienced and skilled experts of the LiveWebTutors platform right away.

Kaylee Brown said...

Writing a thesis is not an easy task and you would have to spend a lot of time doing research, making notes, conforming to the facts, doing surveys, and collecting the required data. This data should then be analyzed to get valuable inputs and finally, these inputs have to be presented in an informative form.

Online thesis help makes this whole process easy as you can hire a thesis helper and use their skills to complete the thesis. Thesis writing help is very popular and you have various options to choose from. You should pay the experts a small fee for using their services.

Euni said...

There is a great passion behind your writing. I really love it. That is why we offer high-quality DNP capstone assistance to our clients. If you need any help in capstone writing, it is necessary to consult a legit custom writing firm. By contacting us, you can be certain of getting high-quality DNP Capstone Project Writing Help and plagiarism free work. Read more on DNP Capstone Project Proposal Writing Service .

Global Translation Help said...

Are you looking for Translation Services Boston? If yes, then Global Translation Help is the ultimate platform where you can get Boston Translation Services at affordable prices. We have native translators who have proficiency in more than 200 languages. We provide online translation help in Boston cities like Worcester, Springfield, Lowell, Cambridge, New Bedford, Brockton, Quincy, and all others.

امروز کالا said...
گوشی های پایین رده به دلیل قیمت پایین که دارند، معمولا مورد توجه کاربران قرار می گیرند. اما واقعیت این است که قیمت پایین این گوشی ها گول زننده بوده و خرید آنها در نهایت می تواند حتی از نظر قیمتی نیز ضرر آفرین باشد. موبایل های پایین رده به دلیل کیفیت نامناسب، معمولا قادر به پاسخگوی نیازهای کاربران نبوده و به مرور نیز از کیفیت آنها کاسته می شود. در نظر بگیرید که شما در موبایل خریداری شده حداقل های نیازمندیهای خود را در اختیار ندارید، حالا اگر قرار باشد ای کیفیت باز هم کمتر شود، مسلما دوباره باید برای خرید موبایل جدید بودجه ای اختصاص دهید.

Stefan Carl said...

Get dissertation help online UK at It has over 2000 expert writers who are the best in their field and have received a high number of positive feedback from UK students. If you employ a writer from SAH, you can contact them at any time via phone, email, or live chat. They are available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week to assist you. They often write online exam help,thesis,assignment writing,case study writing, essay,and research paper writing in addition to dissertation writing with 100% plagiarism free at a very low cost.

Unknown said...

Do you go to college to be an educated man or woman and a well-rounded personal or to get far more and more homework assignments? Suitable, pay someone to write my thesis crafting essays will get monotonous quickly getting to be nothing at all brief of a schedule. So get research enable creating and proofreading your papers and other assignments from qualified writers now. Getting major marks in a system has never been simpler!

SmithRed said...

Help in Assignment

Get help in assignment writing with the best assignment experts at an affordable price. Our PhD experts assure you 100% plagiarism-free assignment writing services with Help in Assignment the Turnitin report at no cost.

assignment help australia said...

Looking for dissertation help?We provide high quality dissertation to students.Contact us for more writing services.

Robbie Simons said...

assignment help
Essay Help
Finance assignment help
Narrative Writing Help
Nursing Reflection Assignment
Central Queensland University Assignment Help

Sarah Winget said...

you are terrified that getting best quality exposition writing help can be weighty in your pocket, you should come to ABC Assignment Help Our valuing strategies permit you to get advantageous limits and offers on your first assignment. Our best quality exposition writing help benefits additionally offer Black Friday deal to diminish the weight on students concerning going through cash. assignment help
assignment provider

assignment help australia said...

Thanks for your nice post I really like it and appreciate it. Assignment help pro offer you Assignment help to canadian students at good price . Try our best writing services to get excellent marks in academics.

crazy 4 watches said...

If you are seeking for any premium quality watches , then you are at the right place. We provide First copy watches in India. We have more than 10+ years of experience in this business. Our customer care services are available 24/7 to assist all your needs. You can get the best quality Omega replica watches in India at the best price. Just visit and choose according to your need and budget. 100% secured online payment gateway.

Florence said...

I started on COPD Herbal treatment from ULTIMATE LIFE CLINIC, the treatment worked incredibly for my lungs condition. I used the herbal treatment for almost 4 months, it reversed my COPD. My severe shortness of breath, dry cough, chest tightness gradually disappeared. Reach Ultimate LIFE CLINIC via their website at I can breath much better and It feels comfortable! said...

Since ancient times the workings of human mind has been a fascinating subject. This applies not just to scientist, philosophers and thinkers in general but to common public as well. There is a simple reason for this. At its most basic structure, the mind works the same way in all humans. The discipline of psychology has, though, come to its present stage after a lot changes. This includes years of research in academic departments. One important distinction to be made though is about its difference from psychiatry. People practicing the latter are certified and trained medical professional who can prescribe medicines and other medical procedures. We are at assignment help . Assignment helps under our Psychology homework help so that students can complete their assignment on time and score good marks.

Assignment Help said...

Thanks for the reliable post and I understand myself lucky to optimize the subjective and objective knowledge as much as I can. To insight my business prospectus, you can visit Online Assignment Help service to know the career importance.

Gracia said...

Nowadays programming Assignment help service is in great demand. Nowadays physical and mental exhaustion is a common phenomenon in students due to pressure to complete their assignments within time. Writing high-quality content can always not be possible. Especially if you are stressed out with heavy workloads. Hiring a professional Assignment Expert writer at these times can not only produce customized content according to the student's needs but also produces plagiarism-free content. Then, you must visit our website and place an order for our Assignment helpservices.
expert assignment help
dissertation help
Case Study Assignment Help said...

Biostatistics is a branch of applied statistics directed toward applications in the field of health sciences and biology. Biostatistics is a word framed by combining the two words - Biology and Statistics. It is also referred to as biometry or biometrics. Biostatistics is an application of statistics to a wide range of biological (life) problems, including Clinical Trials, Public Health, Medicine, Genetics, and Ecological and Environmental issues. Both descriptive statistics and inferential statistics are used in field of Biostatistics. We are at assignment help . Assignment helps under our Biostatistics assignment help so that students can complete their assignment on time and score good marks.

ankit pal said...

If you're feeling such as you have lost the zeal and intimacy of your sexual life then a reliable sexologist in Delhi are a few things that you just actually would like. He has registered himself within the list of the highest purported sexologist. you've got got it here! he's Associate in Nursing honorable name within the trade of sexologist treatment. and best sexologist in Delhi or top sexologist in Faridabad.

valueassignmenthelp said... is the finest website for assignment help online and homework help services. We have 10years of experience PhD level experts for all subjects. Value-assignment-help highly searched website for paper work and content writers. Check our services and our coverage range.
Assignment help
Australia assignment help online
case study assignment help
essay writing services

AHECounselling said...

AHEC is an acronym for academic help and e-counseling. Established in 2017, AHEC has by far assisted over 15000 students across 4-5 continents— including countries such as UK, USA, Australia, UAE— and helped them obtain excellent grades. We live in a fast-paced world these days, and as a student, you may often get caught up with more activities than you can efficiently deal with. All of these activities demand equal attention, which is nearly impossible to give. Now, you can just sit back and relax, because AHEC is always there to help you. You can focus on activities that need your presence and delegate some tasks which you never thought could be delegated. AHEC is an India-based platform that offers academic help and e-counseling for undergraduate as well as for postgraduate students. We have a team of professional writers and online counselors & tutors who are considered estimable in their respective fields. Professional writers deliver plagiarism-free content, and counselors and tutors address your queries and offer the best solution to your problems related to academics.
Visit Here:
Contact Us:
Services: said...

MLA is a very popular citation style. However, if you are unsure which citation style to use in your paper, ask your instructor. There are many different citation styles and using the style your instructor or institution has established correctly can have a positive impact on your grade. We are at assignment help . Assignment helps under our Citation machine assignment help so that students can complete their assignment on time and score good marks.

SAVIOLA said...

You are always at your best to feed your readers with interesting, thoughtful and educative information, keep doing it, and thank you so very much for a awaseome job always, meanwhile, you can checkout this unimaid cut off marks for all courses

Ahitechno Official said...

Academic Help & Info Tech aka AHIT is one of a successful venture under AHEC & Groups umbrella. AHIT assists its other ventures with all IT solutions and simultaneously fulfills its client’s demands. Starting from Domain Selling to Web/App Designing and Development and reaching up to a milestone with the help of its SEO Services is what AHIT is known about. Filling professional bids and delivering them on time has made AHIT's goodwill in the market within a short period of span.

AHIT’s Entire Team always strive to provide the best solutions to its end users with quality services and products.We are pleased to announce that we have successfully delivered 108 projects to our users where website designing/development, SEO and its outsourcing services were solely AHIT’s responsibility.

Home page:
contact us: